Slow, Diaphragmatic Breathing



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Diaphragmatic breathing lowers HbA1c by up to 2%


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Diaphragmatic breathing improves antioxidant status & HbA1c in type 2 diabetics


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Slow breathing improves autonomic function in type 1 diabetics


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Diaphragmatic breathing reduces oxidative stress in athletes after exhaustive exercise


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Autonomic function can be restored by slow breathing even after a long-duration of diabetes


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Relaxation improves HbA1c to a greater extent than moderate exercise

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Slow breathing decreases blood pressure, heart rate, and sympathetic nerve activity in mildly hypertensive patients


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Relaxation breathing significantly lowers blood sugar after an oral glucose tolerance test


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Slow breathing improves blood sugar by reducing body’s endogenous production of glucose

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Diaphragmatic breathing increases insulin, lowers blood sugar, and reduces oxidative stress


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Controlled breathing lowers sympathetic activity, even when performed at a relatively fast pace


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A sitting breathing exercise lowers the blood sugar of type 2 diabetics following a meal


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Slow breathing improves autonomic function to same extent as oxygen administration


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Even short bouts of high blood sugar significantly increase oxidative stress


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Slow breathing decreases blood pressure and increases heart rate variability in hypertensive diabetics


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Slow breathing improves blood pressure in hypertensive type II diabetics


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Slow breathing for less than 5 min/day reduces blood pressure


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Reduce blood pressure easily, without negative side effects, using slow breathing


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Breathing slowly reduces blood pressure, natural breathing rate, and sympathetic activity


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Two minutes of slow breathing restores autonomic and respiratory balance

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Ten minutes of slow breathing significantly reduces blood pressure


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Breathe slowly (and pause) to improve heart rate variability


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Balance your breathing: equal inhales and exhales for better heart rate variability


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Daily practice of slow breathing leads to higher resting heart rate variability


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Inhalation-to-exhalation ratio plays key role in relaxation and heart rate variability


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Slow breathing is the best “workout” for your autonomic nervous system


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Controlled breathing reduces the frequency and severity of panic attacks by increasing carbon dioxide levels


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Slow, controlled breathing improves anxiety independent of CO2


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Biofeedback improves panic disorder by reducing breathing rate and increasing CO2


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More evidence that CO2 biofeedback reduces panic disorder through reducing breathing rate and volume


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Sighs during sleep: Good or bad?


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Excessive sighing might explain low CO2 in panic disorder


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Breathing and relaxation reduces heart rate and breathing rate in heart attack patients


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Slow breathing reduces spontaneous breathing rate, increases resting oxygen saturation, and improves exercise performance in chronic heart failure patients


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The saliva produced during yogic breathing beneficial to health


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“Spit out” inflammation with Yogic breathing


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A pivotal paper: The fundamental roles of the breathing and cardiovascular systems in diabetes